There is only one Earth for humans and animals to live on, so we have to take care of it responsibly. Earth has an abundance of natural resources, but many of these resources are nonrenewable. Without careful management of natural resources, future generations may not have access to materials such as wood from trees. Environmental conservation in general is the process of protecting the environment to prevent human activities from harming natural ecosystems. Anything we can do to preserve and protect the Earth and conserve natural resources falls under the umbrella of environmental conservation. Tree conservation is the process of protecting and conserving trees to ensure that they continue to thrive. Deforestation is one issue that threatens the environment due to the loss of vital trees. Not only do trees help to mitigate dangers from greenhouse gases, but they are homes and sources of food for animals and produce materials for human use.

Tree Conservation

Trees are an integral part of Earth’s environment, providing shade, homes for animals, beauty, and recreational opportunities for humans. An absence of trees would make the world very different. One large tree can produce enough oxygen for four people for one day. Trees also absorb carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Overuse of trees as a resource has placed trees in peril. Trees are cut down to use for many different purposes, including the creation of building materials and paper. Even when new trees are planted to replace felled ones, it takes a long time for the new ones to grow to maturity. Generations in the future may experience drastic shortages of wood and other materials made from trees. Thus, tree conservation is crucial.

Everyone can take steps to conserve and protect trees. Planting new trees is an obvious part of tree conservation. But there are other ways to help, too. Conserving the trees that are already in existence is a major part of tree conservation. Using artificial lumber instead of real trees for building materials can effectively conserve trees that are standing today. Learn about local and global forests so you understand how and why they are important and the potential threats that put them in danger. Share your knowledge with others to raise awareness and appreciation of forests. Whenever possible, buy products that support forests and prevent deforestation. For example, shade-grown coffee is made from coffee plants that can grow in shade, so it’s not necessary to clear land of trees to grow the plants. Visit forests often so you stay connected with the natural world. Forests help improve human health and psychological well-being.

Forestry

Forestry is the science of forest conservation. Professional foresters work to manage the culling of mature trees, planting of new trees, and conservation of animal habitats, with a focus on preserving the natural benefits that forests offer. Forests provide healthy air, clean drinking water, and recreational opportunities for humans. Forests of tall trees serve as a protective canopy to protect the soil underneath from erosion from the rain. Tree roots also help to keep soil in place. As leaves fall in the autumn, the debris accumulates on the ground to add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. Birds nest in trees, animals make homes in the branches and trunk hollows, and insects live among the branches and leaves. Trees product large amounts of oxygen, and they take in carbon dioxide from the environment. Forest transpiration helps moderate humidity and precipitation in local areas.

Urban forests make up more than 140 million acres of land in the United States. Part of city and urban planning often involves planning and maintaining forests in parks located in downtown districts and in outlying neighborhoods to keep these green areas healthy and thriving. Keeping forests intact and healthy involves protecting existing forests and restoring forests that have been damaged. Forestry not only ensures that we have healthy forests, but it also creates important jobs.

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